Polyester

   This man-made fiber was invented in 1941 by two British chemists, John Rex Whinfield and James Tennant Dickson, while working together at the Calico Printer's Association of Manchester. Whinfield and Dickson furthered the research done by DuPont scientist Wallace Carothers while researching nylon. However, when polyester was introduced to the United States in 1951, it gained popularity because of its resistance to wrinkling, stretching, and shrinking. Polyester also washes well, is colorfast, and dries quickly. It was advertised as a miracle fiber that could be worn for 68 days straight without ironing and still look presentable. Polyester experienced constant growth until the 1970s—sales drastically declined due to the negative public image that emerged in the late 1960s when it was suddenly regarded as cheap and uncomfortable.
   In 1993, Dyersburg Corporation began efforts to recycle materials made of 100% man-made materials (nylon, polyester), to minimize the volume of chemical fiber clothing on the earth.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • polyester — [ pɔliɛstɛr ] n. m. • 1957; de poly et ester ♦ Ester à poids moléculaire élevé, résultant de l enchaînement de nombreuses molécules d esters. Fibres synthétiques de polyester. ⇒ dacron, tergal. Coque en polyester. ● polyester nom masculin Nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • polyester — (n.) 1929, formed from POLYMER (Cf. polymer) + ESTER (Cf. ester). Polyester fiber was discovered 1941 …   Etymology dictionary

  • polyester — → poliéster …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Polyester —    Comédie satirique de John Waters, avec Divine, Tab Hunter, Edith Massey.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1981   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 1 h 20    Résumé    La vie d une famille américaine se détraque: le mari s en va, le fils est… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • polyester — s. m. O mesmo que poliéster.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra inglesa …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • polyester — ► NOUN ▪ a synthetic resin in which the polymer units are linked by ester groups, used chiefly to make textile fibres …   English terms dictionary

  • polyester — [päl΄ē es′tər, päl′ē es΄tər] n. [ POLY(MER) + ESTER] 1. any of several polymeric synthetic resins formed chiefly by condensing polyhydric alcohols with dibasic acids: used in making plastics, fibers, etc. 2. fabric made of these fibers …   English World dictionary

  • Polyester — For the 1981 motion picture, see Polyester (film). SEM picture of a bend in a high surface area polyester fiber with a seven lobed cross section …   Wikipedia

  • Polyester — Pour le film de John Waters, voir Polyester (film). Fibres de polyester observées au MEB Un polyester est un polymère dont les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polyester — PET (Polyethylenterephthalat) Polyester sind Polymere mit Esterfunktionen –[–CO–O–]– in ihrer Hauptkette. Zwar kommen auch in der Natur Polyester vor, doch heute versteht man unter Polyester eher eine große Familie synthetischer Polymere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polyester — Po|ly|ẹs|ter 〈m. 3; Chem.〉 aus Säuren u. Alkoholen synthetisierter Kunststoff zur Herstellung von Chemiefasern, Harzen, Lacken u. a. * * * Po|ly|es|ter [↑ Ester] Sammelbez. sowohl für Polymere der allg. Formel (̶O C(O) R)̶n, die aus… …   Universal-Lexikon

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